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November 25, 2005

サブタイトルの意義

 かつて岩下修先生が作文の書き方のヒントを教えてくださった。
 正確に引用できないので、自分流に書いてみる。
===================
 作文のタイトルに「の」を続けていく。
 「修学旅行」
 「修学旅行の1日目」
 「修学旅行の1日目の夜」
 「修学旅行の1日目の夜のマクラ投げ」
というように。
 最初の部分が邪魔になったら
 「夜のマクラ投げ」
でもいいし、さらに
 「夜のマクラ投げの思い出」とか
 「激しかった夜のマクラ投げ」
のように、詳しくしていけばよい。
====================
 研究論文などの場合は「の」で続ける代わりに、サブタイトルに回す。

 「読解力の指導~理解と表現の双方向からのアプローチ」
 「読解力の指導~学力低下の指摘を受けて」
 「読解力の指導~論理的思考力の育成」
 
というように。
 「の」を続けたり、サブタイトルをつけるというのは、
・対象を深く掘り下げる
・対象を絞り込んでいく
という意味を持つ。
 子供は、ほかっておけば、このような絞り込みの思考が働かない。
 指導しなければ大半の子供の感想文は

・「蝉しぐれ」を読んで
・「故郷」の感想

といったタイトルで終わってしまうのだ。
 かつて、小学校で修学旅行の行事作文を書かせた時も題名を意識させた。
 作文の内容は全員発表できないが、題名発表なら全員可能だからだ。
 その時のレポートはHPにアップしてある→ここ

 今回の「故郷」では、上の題は×とした(誰でも書ける題だから)。
 というよりも「故郷」に続くサブタイトルを考えさせたかったのだ。
 で、どんなタイトルが出来上がったかというと

△「昔と今」「変化」「過去と現在」「故郷の友達関係」「人の行動・性格」
△「ヤンおばさんの真実」「わたしの心境」「ルントウの心境」「ルントウの気持ち」
 
○「変わってしまったルントウの今と昔」
○「昔から今へ 未来へと続く物語」
○「変わり果てた人々 小さなのぞみ」
○「旅立ちの日に」
○「地上の道」
○「変わり果てた故郷」
○「金色の丸い月」

 できる子は容易に題名を創り出すことができる。
 できない子は、結局「『故郷』を読んで」としか書くことができない。
 だからといって書けない子を責めても仕方ない。
 「何について書こうとしているか」
 「何について書いたか」
を端的に表現するトレーニングが必要である。

 
 

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