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May 14, 2006

暗号を読む作業(2)

 中1の教科書(光村出版)に、杉みき子の『にじの見える橋』がある。、
 なにもかもうまくいかずいらいらしていた少年は、雨上がりの虹に気付いて、自分を「恵まれた者」の思い、気を取り直していく話である(と、まとめていいかどうかは問題があるが)。
 最後は「ハッピーエンド」である。
 どんな考え方をしたら、どんな生き方をしたら少年のように幸せになれるのか?を考えさせた。 

 生徒に聞いてもそれなりのメッセージができた。

Aタイプ(プラス思考=幸せ)・いやなこともあればいいこともある。
 ・前向きに考えれば幸せになれる。
 ・いやなこともがまんしていれば、いつか幸せが訪れる。
 ・いやなことがあってもプラスに考えれば幸せになれる。
 ・不幸は幸せの前兆
 ・いやなこともあれば、いいこともある。
 ・恵まれていると思えば恵まれる

 ただ、「にじ」というキーワードが気になる。
 「にじ」は自然現象で、「ささやかな幸せ」「平凡なもの」ともとれる。

Bタイプ(ささいなものに気付く気持ち=幸せ)
 ・小さな幸せが大きな幸せにつながる。
 ・ささやかな幸せに感謝できる気持ちが大きな幸せを呼ぶ。
 ・ささやかなものに感動できる気持ちがあれば幸せになれる。
 ・ささいなことを大切にしよう。
 ・本当の幸せはどこにでもある。気持ちの持ち方次第で幸せになれる。
 ・ちょっとしたきっかけで自分を変えられる。

 しかし、見た人の印象から言えば「虹」はめったに見られない貴重なものである。 
 虹を特別視する考えの人にとっては「幸せはどこにでも転がっているよ」というBタイプのメッセージは冒涜でさえある。「虹」はそれほどありふれていない。
 すると、Bタイプの裏読みは読めなくはないが一般性がないということになる。
  Aは万人が認める無難な読み方だが、Bはやや主観的なのである。
  とすると、AもBもどれも正解ですよ・・という授業の締め方は極めて危険だということになる。

 
 ちなみに、国語の大家である大西忠治氏は「二通り解釈できるなら、きちんと二通り解釈させなければ本当の読みの力とは言えない。一通りの解釈ができて満足させてはいけない」というようなことを書いていた。
 Aタイプの裏読みをした人に、Bの読み方があることを伝え、Bの読み方もできるようにする(逆も同じ)。
と言いたいところなのだが、この場合Bの読み方を「にじは特別なもの」という意識(読み)の生徒を納得させるのは難しいのである(自分としても結論が出ていない)。

 このように「暗号を読む作業」は難しい。
 難しいから面白いのである。

ちなみに、以下が生徒作品(一部修正)。

◆私はこの話を読んで「幸せは気の持ちよう」というメッセージを感じました。
なぜかというと不幸なことばかり起きてマイナス思考にしか物事をとらえられなくなっていた少年が、虹を見て「自分は恵まれている」と感じたとき、仲たがいした友達と仲直りできたりと、幸福が訪れたからです。
悪いことを「悪いことだ」と考えるから余計悪い方向へと流れていくと私は思っています。
なので悪いことは反省して「次に生かそう」、よい事は「次もがんばろう」とプラス思考にとらえていけば多くの幸福を感じることができるだと思いました。

◆私は「にじの見える橋」を読んで「何があっても、ぜったいだいじょうぶ」というメッセージを感じました。
少年はいくつものもやもやがあって、信号が黄色に変わるだけで足踏みしていました。
でも「にじだ、にじだ」と声がして、少年は走り出しました。にじを見た少年の心のもやもやがふっきれて幸せな気持ちになりました。
そのおかげで少年は仲たがいした友達と仲良くなりました。これはきっと「何があってもだいじょうぶ」とう気持ちを持って少年が虹を見たから虹が祝福してくれたんだと思いました。
だから「何があっても、ぜったいだいじょうぶ」というメッセージにしました。

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