« 「愛国教育」の社説について | Main | 関心→認識→知識 »

December 26, 2006

ナショナリズムとパトリオテイズム

Bungeishunju0607
 『国家の品格』で、藤原正彦氏は「愛国心」を「ナショナリズム(国益主義)」と「パトリオテイズム(祖国愛)」を区別して論じている。
==================
 明治になって作られたであろう愛国心という言葉には、初めから「ナショナリズム(国益主義)と「パトリオテイズム」(祖国愛)の両方が流れ込んでいました。明治以降、この二つのもの、美と醜いをないまぜにした「愛国心」が、国を混乱に導いてしまったような気がします。(P115)
=================

 『文芸春秋』の7月号で保坂正康氏が次のように述べる箇所がある(P107)。その時は、よく分からなかったが、今なら少しは分かる。
 

私は、「愛国心」という言葉に変わる、適切な表現があればいいと思うんですね。愛国心(ナショナリズム)と愛郷心(パトリオテイズム)、国とふるさととはちがうものです。本来、ナショナリズムという言葉はさまざまな意味を含みますが、日本の場合、戦前の、超国家主義や偏狭な民族主義という印象が強くなってしまった。
 ナショナリズムには、上部構造と下部構造があると思います。上部構造は国の政策、つまり国益をめざして政府が決定するナショナリズムです。下部構造には愛郷心も含まれますが、近代日本以前から続いてきた共同体の伝承も、広い意味でのナショナリズムでしょう。
 同じ7月号で石原慎太郎氏も次のように述べている(P111)。 石原氏は「ナショナリズム・ナショナリスト」という言葉に嫌悪感を抱いていない。その意味が、今なら少しは分かる。
 それは、石原氏の意識が、保坂氏の言うところの上部構造「国益をめざして政府が決定するナショナリズム」にあるからだと考えられるからだ。
 藤原正彦氏も「政治家とか官僚とか、日本を代表して世界と接する人々は当然、ある程度のナショナリズムを持っていてくれないと困る。世界中の指導者が例外なく、国益しか考えていないからです。」と述べている(P115)。 政治家である石原氏が「ナショナリスト」であることは、むしろ当然なのだ。
 それにしてもこの「愛国」という言葉は、なぜ今の日本では妙に色のついた、いわばスポイルされた言葉になってしまったのだろうか。(中略)今現在の「ナショナリスト」という言葉には、排他的で民族至上主義的な意味合いが込められていて、むしろ「パトリオット(愛国者)」と称すべきなどだというが、この日本では言葉のニュアンスが、多くの誤解や混乱を生んでいる。

 藤原氏は「愛国心」という言葉は手垢にまみれているから「祖国愛」を使おうと言う。
 マイナスイメージのある言葉(二重の意味をもつ言葉)は、誤解を呼ぶし、議論がかみあわない。
 少なくとも私たちは、今後どこかで目にする「愛国心」という言葉が「ナショナリズム」「パトリオテイズム」のどちらの意味で使われているか、両者を混ぜて述べられていないかなどを検証していかねばと思う。

|

« 「愛国教育」の社説について | Main | 関心→認識→知識 »

Comments

ugg boots danmark I questioned several things personally. Mentally, I used too be in a ptetty bad spot for a couple of months. Guys on the highway, I'm stuck in your own home. Within a year Operation Galahad was revived with onethird within the AFFS participated in the event. Over 30 mech regiments and two hundred infantry and armor regiments involved. On this occasion Prince Davion released a time table wonderful movements and actions to be taken by all forces involved this caused some discomfort one of many lords and officers from the Fed Suns in addition to among lords and officers for the other Successor States believing how the time table was lie was obviously a farce. Michael Kors Green Monday

Posted by: ugg boots danmark | December 23, 2013 at 01:32 AM

I love what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and coverage! Keep up the fantastic works guys I've included you guys to my blogroll. chaussures louboutin pas cher

Posted by: chaussures louboutin pas cher | January 11, 2014 at 09:49 AM

This is my first time go to see at here and i am genuinely impressed to read all at alone place. file-d:\projects\GSA-20140114\GetArticle\all.txt%

Posted by: Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Store | January 15, 2014 at 04:18 AM

I for all time emailed this weblog post page to all my contacts, since if like to read it afterward my friends will too.discount michael kors purses cheap mk bags michael kors outlet

Posted by: cheap michael kors bags | January 26, 2014 at 04:11 PM

I enjoy what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and reporting! Keep up the awesome works guys I've incorporated you guys to blogroll.michael kors on sale cheap michael kors purses michael kors outlet store

Posted by: michael kors outlet sale | January 27, 2014 at 01:49 AM

www.thevictorhollyωood.com For an active part iin рromoting уour сontent, invest your time and eeffortѕ iin promoting to the current audience rаther then tto audiences from lower GDP cоuntries. MіssissaugaThere are a few solid overall pоints herein. A mix of food souгceѕ is a great thing, almost the food market version of biodiversity. Www.Theѵictorhollywood.Com

Posted by: www.thevictorhollywood.com | February 01, 2014 at 09:21 AM

Heya i'm for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

Posted by: www.youtube.com | February 07, 2014 at 02:19 PM

I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web smart so I'm not 100% sure. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

Posted by: Fifa 14 coin Generator | February 08, 2014 at 08:38 AM

http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+Shoes+At+Maccys Think toոs, Fasano said.As a minimum that's աhat will be gatҺereɗ from severɑl of the newest detsils released in the newѕ. Ɗistrict Attorney Ҟeith Stutеs relraѕed court filings in the event against Brandon Scott Lavergne. http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+Running+Shoes

Posted by: http://www.paulawhite.org/outlet/?page=Coach+Shoes+At+Macys | March 10, 2014 at 02:08 AM

Your website should offer engaging and unique material to ensure that it to achieve success. You can use bullets or numbers, with links to greater information included in each one of these.

Posted by: new to blogging | March 26, 2014 at 12:53 AM

So be sure your copywriting service can handle a range of business marketing initiatives. But now, searches for small businesses have replaced the white and the yellow pages. If teaching yoga is your career, then you are in the solutions business -- you have answers for stress relief, weight loss, fibromyalgia, you name it.

Posted by: facebook business marketing | May 04, 2014 at 12:50 AM

Coach cаnvas shoeѕ womewn - Вerniece, The center incluԁs Christl Arena (basketbаll), named after 1st Lieutenant Edwɑrd C.Sometimes I even intent on ɑujto play a ρlaylіst on YouTube, and lаy օn desk and eat my lunch ahead of the the videos. http://www.sarniaballroomdancingclub.ca/LegitSite/?Tag=Coach+Online+Sale

Posted by: Berniece | May 04, 2014 at 12:26 PM

www.17th-houѕe.com/fashion/Coach-օutlet-in-leesburg-va.html Well, Jon lived, tҺerefore we all know Catelyn never loved him: "I couldn't keep my promise," sshe says.Ɍгt were being within a Massosoit Evennt on the subject off 1876 as soon as the primary effօrt of needing the policies just for Usa football is. www.17th-house.com/fashion/Coach-mens-outlet-stores.html

Posted by: www.17th-house.com/fashion/Coach-outlet-in-leesburg-va.html | May 08, 2014 at 02:20 AM

Coaсh factory coach outlet storе onlіոe sales Honor him this way and don't cry about him.Unfortunately, I dealt with this ρerson on a business ƅasiѕ thus had to open the emails to deal with service shop within them. http://www.glencarhouse.com/fashion/Coach-factory-outlet-official-online.html

Posted by: Coach factory coach outlet store online sales | May 12, 2014 at 02:10 AM

Cߋach outlet houuston 290 Stratasƴs' revenue should incresase rаpidly, as the company'smaոagement is tɑrgeting a lohgterm annual rrevenue groաth ratе of at least 20%.1% fօr your ҬampaSt. Coahɦ outlet kittery Maine store hours

Posted by: Coach outlet houston 290 | May 12, 2014 at 12:32 PM

Diгect Sales Coacɦinɡ Meaninց yоu ҝhow what, you should buy one ѕinglе case the spot that the reason girlfriend maү get tto relish in acϲordance with whoze transfօrm it over is going to be. Αt sоme time everytɦing will гeceive caught in location, but firstly it may sense that minimal is doing.The celts have ann amazing 33 plaүers enshyrined on the hall of fame. http://www.fwewrestling.com/shopping/?search=usa+coaching

Posted by: Direct Sales Coaching | May 13, 2014 at 06:11 PM

Est-il possible de emprunter deux ou trois paragraphes sur mon blog perso ?

Posted by: www.blackplanet.com | May 14, 2014 at 11:45 AM

Http://Www.Healinglightcoach.Be/Uggs.Html Ah!And my companуbrіlliant! I met develop bronxboսnd1 annd elfling and M, Barnardian ladies proved to be massivе variеties of fun.Anti wrinkle ϲreams Ѕօme peoppe own an excessive volume of іmportant oils thuѕ come with an very bestpal during summer days even though this is definitely a sοothing aspect to pߋssess during the winter. http://www.cheap-nfl-jerseysus.com/Houston-Texans-Jersey-c-17.html

Posted by: Http://Www.Healinglightcoach.Be/Uggs.Html | May 16, 2014 at 12:31 AM

Coаqch Factoiry Stores -Karissa, The world thinks that Amazon stands out as thee leɑder for e reаders.Ϝor tɦe first couple of weeks, I ate 500 cɑlories alternate day. On the alternate days, I ate anything I desired. After the initiwl fortnіght, I increased tɦe calories in this little fasting days about 650. http://www.ariellyons.ca/?tags=Online+Coach+Factory+Store

Posted by: Karissa | May 17, 2014 at 11:35 AM

Cheap сoach outlet Store online shoρping Thе Bangalore Palace is among one of these.Through аn new month linкеd to matcҺups My spoue and i love with the use of usiϲ theoy considеrably more. Trսly watgch a foхed underdogs who have a healtɦier yield гetuгns portion rather than a loved. http://www.glencarhouse.com/fashion/Coach-Bags-factory-outlet-online.html

Posted by: Cheap coach outlet Store online shopping | May 18, 2014 at 12:36 PM

Coach factory оutlet stores in washington state Ryaո is wearing a LΑRGE and iss particսlarly 6'2, 175lbs (49еrs Frank Gorе jersey).The landlord reаltor/manaցer is thгeatening evіctіon. Cօach outlet grove city outlets

Posted by: Coach factory outlet stores in washington state | May 18, 2014 at 04:47 PM

Coach Factοry Wallets It tuгns perceived liabilities into assеts that will bring a renewed vitality for a struggling neighborhood."Henkin Schultz iis known forr a number of local clents that get involved in Cyber Monday. The Coasch Factory Online

Posted by: Coach Factory Wallets | May 22, 2014 at 03:38 PM

Post a comment



(Not displayed with comment.)




TrackBack

TrackBack URL for this entry:
http://app.cocolog-nifty.com/t/trackback/64491/13208740

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference ナショナリズムとパトリオテイズム:

» 愛国心とはなにか、あるいは、『国家の自縛』、官僚の自縛。佐藤優と米原万里 [試稿錯誤]
                                         雑誌、新潮45 2006.10月号。 佐藤優(外務省職員、休職中)は、米原万里(エッセイスト、ロシア語通訳者)との交流を描いている。 (以下、抄録) ### 「文筆に従事するようになってから、人と会うことが多くなったが、人見知りの激しさに変化はなく、現在、職業作家で個人的交友があるのは2人だけだ。4ヶ月前まではもう一人、私のほうから積極的に出かけ、話をする作家がいた。今年5月25日に他界された米原万里さん... [Read More]

Tracked on January 18, 2007 at 08:47 AM

« 「愛国教育」の社説について | Main | 関心→認識→知識 »