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September 05, 2011

「われは草なり」の教材解釈

 サークル例会で「われは草なり」の模擬授業があった。

われは草なり    高見 順

われは草なり           
伸びんとす       
伸びんとす       
伸びられぬ日は    
伸びぬなり       
伸びられる日は    
伸びるなり

と続く詩。

 話者は誰ですか?
 「われ」です。

 「われ」とは誰のことですか?
 「草」です。

ということで、話者=われ=草 ということで模擬授業が進んでいった。

 「われは草なり」だから「わがはいは猫である」
と同じように「話者=われ=草」と考えて、草の一人語りのように考えている。

 しかし、自分は、文語調の力強さから、「われ=草」ではなく、「われ=人間」としてとらえた。
 自分も草のように生きていきたい、という「雑草魂」のような願いを込めた詩、話者は、草の生き方に憧れる「われ」という人物だと読んだ。

 だから、例会後、WEBで「話者=われ=草」とだけ書かれた実践を読んで疑問を感じた。
 ただし、松藤司先生のサイトは 
http://www5a.biglobe.ne.jp/~tukasamt/warehakusanari.htm 
==============
発問5 この詩は何かを草にたとえています。何を草にたとえているのですか。
自分、人間、若者

===============
という問いがあるから、「われ=人間」という解釈を前提に進んでいる。

 文芸研の解説も検索できた。
http://www5.synapse.ne.jp/heart/riron-jissen/5nen.html#sec7
に文芸研の「教材の見方」が付いている。


7 われは草なり  (高見順)
◆ありふれた草に寄せる人生
 高見順という人の詩は、人生論的、哲学的な詩が多いのです。この詩もそういう系列の詩と言っても良いと思います。
 〈われは草なり〉――草自身が「われは草なり」と言っていると取ってもいいけれど、人間である我々が、自分を草になぞらえて、「われは草なり」と、一種の比喩として歌っていると見てもさしつかえありません。
 〈われは草なり/伸びんとす〉というように、全体を通して、七・五という調べで、二行ずつくり返しています。七・五調で、しかも文語調ですから、非常に整った形をもった、格調ある詩ということが言えると思います。そして、草というものを題材として、ありふれた平凡なもののもつ美しさとか、情緒とか、すばらしさとか、そういうものを誇らかに歌いあげた詩と言ってもいい。

・・・ 草自身でもいいけど、人間が草になぞらえていると見てもいい、という両論併記の立場である。

 「みたい・のようだ」という表記のない比喩は、「男はオオカミだ」「君は僕の太陽だ」みたいなタイプで「暗喩」。
 草が人間のように語っていると捉えたら、それは「擬人法」。

 「われは草なり」と重なるような暗喩を探してみた。

ヨハネ福音書
◆わたしはぶどうの木、あなたがたはその枝である
◆私が、世の光です、私に従う者は、決して闇の中を歩むことがなく、いのちの光を持つのです。

・・・この場合の「わたし・私」は「ぶどうの木・世の光」そのものではない。

 こんな例示で、「われは草なり」が、暗喩という意味が伝わるだろうか・・・。

それにしても、例会参加のおかげで久しぶりに教材解釈を楽しめた。

|

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