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July 07, 2012

デイベート+アサーションで「学級討論会をしよう」

 6年の「学級討論会をしよう」(光村国語)は、いわゆるデイベートの単元である。
 1つの問題を肯定側・否定側が順に述べて、最後に討論を聞くグループが「まとめ」をする。
 ただし」、「デイベート」という用語は使われていない。

 肯定・否定が順に述べて聞いていたグループがまとめるのだから、通例では「デイベート」である。
 しかし、「デイベート」という言葉を使えば、正式なルールがどうかという批判もくる。

・小学生には無理だ。
・うまく指導できない。、
・コイントスで、肯定・否定を試合直前に決めなければいけない。
・判定はどうするのだ。
・デイベートをすると、勝ち負けにこだわって雰囲気が悪くなる。等々


 そのような批判をかわすには、デイベートのようなスタイルをとりながら
 「判定」は、させず、
 「反駁」は、させず、
 学級討論会という言い方をする
という手を考えたのかもしれないが、邪推だからこれ以上言わない。

 ところで、この6年「学級討論会」の単元には、討論会の後で「伝えにくいことを伝える」(6年)という相手を傷つけずに断る言い方のコミュニケーションコラムがある。
 これは、「言い負かす」印象の強いデイベートと真逆で、相手の感情を損なわずに自分の立場を理解知れもらおうというアサーションの考えに基づいている。

 論理的な正しさがあれば相手の感情を逆なでしてもかまわないといった印象があるデイベート。
 相手を傷つけない言い方を学ぶアサーション
 この2つをセットにしている教科書会社の意図を、教師はしっかり理解しないといけない。

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