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January 26, 2014

『真理先生』(武者小路実篤)に見られる努力論

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 武者小路実篤の『真理先生』」(新潮文庫)を一気読みした。
 若いころ『塩狩峠』を読んだとき、主人公の清貧の生き方、気高い生き方に感銘を受けことを思い出した。
 今回も、努力を惜しまない登場人物の姿に感銘を受けたが、それもまた「清貧の生き方に対する感銘であった。
 ストーリーの「面白さ」もよりも、人生論・哲学書のような「教え」の獲得に意識がいってしまった。それは、本書を読むうえでは「邪念」であったかもしれない。
 しかし、生き方指南を求めていた自分には、出会うべくして出会ったような、得難い一冊だった。


◆私の大願は、すべての人が人間らしく、自分の本来の生命をそのままに生かせる世界を望んでいるのです。
 今のように正直者が生きてゆけなかったり、他人を憎悪しないではいられなかったり、自己を歪(いびつ)にしないでは生きていられない時代には、なお更、この大願を持たないわけにはゆかないのです。P59

・・・きれいごとかもしれない。でも、このような理想を失わないで生き続けるには、よほどの覚悟がいる。

◆僕は運命に甘えることを恐れるのだ。だが運命を信用しないことも恐れる。忠実に、一心に画の仕事をしてゆけばいいと思っている。幸い僕はいい人許(ばか)りとつきあっている。僕が不幸になることを望まない人許りに守護されている。だが怠けたらそれっきりと思っている。いい画をかいている限り、運命は僕に好意を持ってくれると思うが、しかし多くの人から嫉妬される生活をすれば、罰を受けやすいことをこの頃感じて来た。謹みながら、他人を不幸にせずに、自分の仕事に精を出せば、何とかなってゆくと思っている。P114

・・・性善説であるが、人を信用し、自分の仕事い精を出すことい専念すればそれでよいという発想はごくシンプルで、納得できる。

◆世界の第一人者になりたい望みを持っていないとは言わない。しかし同時に僕は日本の片隅で自分の好きな画がかければそれでいいとも思っている。誰に認められないでも、好きな画をかいていられるのは幸福だと思っている。P115

・・・誰かに認められるために仕事をするというには、「邪念」である。次に引用する言葉で言えば「虚栄心」である。

◆自分は自分の力だけの仕事をするので、満足するのはいい。自分の力以上のことをしたいと思うのは虚栄心だ。しかしこんな小ぽけな仕事で、得意になるのは、自分が余りに小人物だということになる。自分は大作をしようとは思わないが、自分の全力を出してもっとも深い処から純な生命の泉を汲み上げたい。死物狂いで自分の力を出し切った仕事をして見たい。ここまで来れて、自分の全力を出し切れる仕事が出来ないのは恥だと思っている。深さで誰にも恥じない仕事をしたい。P116

・・自分に恥じない仕事をする。大事なのは他者の評価ではない、自分の心なのだ。
 「泥水もすすらないで、死に物狂いなどとは言えない」といったフレーズが浮かんでくる。

◆「精神一到何事か成らざらん」という言葉が頭に浮かんできた。真剣な気持ちでの追求を、馬鹿一は何年も何年も、くり返しくり返し毎日毎日続けて来たのだ。一歩一歩、一寸一寸、一毫一毫、彼は毎日目的に向って追求して来た。その真剣な勉強こそ、いつのまにか、今日の彼を築き上げたのだ。悪口を言った連中は、今になっても彼を馬鹿にして安心して軽蔑しているであろうだが軽蔑された彼には絶えざる進歩があった。この絶えざる進歩こそ、今迄毛虫だった彼をいつのまにか蝶にしたのである。僕も彼を軽蔑し切った一人であるが、僕は依然として昔の僕なのに、彼は遂に堂に入った。(P216)

・・・今でいう「メタフォルメーゼ」「ブレイクスルー」だ。
本書は努力を積んだ馬鹿一が、事を成し遂げる成長過程が描かれていて心地よい。

◆紙一重で、人間は物になったり、物にならなかったり、するのが本当なら、その紙一重を破って巣立ちした一個の若鳥を僕はこの老いたる醜い男の眼光と、身体全体から放射される一種の力に感じるのである。

・・・物になるかならないかは「紙一重」である。でも、誰にも恥じない仕事をしているというプライドがあれば、今現在、物になっていないとしても腐ることはない。

 努力した人が、みな物になるとは限らない
 でも、物になった人は、みな努力をしてきた。

 そんな言葉が浮かんできた。
 まさに「努力論」の1冊でもあった。

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